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UK Cereals and Oilseed Rape


15 May 2014

Cereal Stocks: UK / England and Wales – February 2014Cereal Stocks: UK / England and Wales – February 2014

This release provides the tonnages of wheat, barley and oats held on farms in England and Wales and wheat, barley, oats and maize held by UK ports, co-operatives and merchants. This twice-yearly notice will next be updated in August 2014 and will show the cereal stocks held at the end of June 2014.

Key results:

Stocks of cereals held on farms in England and Wales in February 2014:

  • Stocks of own-grown wheat fell by 10% from February 2013 to 3.2 million tonnes. This represents 28% of the 2014 wheat production in England and Wales, wheat production decreased by 11% in England and Wales in 2014.

  • Barley production increased for the third year running in 2013 to 5.0 million tonnes. Stocks of barley increased similarly and at February 2014 were 903 thousand tonnes on farms, a 47% rise from February 2013.

  • Oat production increased by 50% in February 2013 to 767 thousand tonnes. On farm stock increased 21% from 143 thousand tonnes in February 2013 to 173 thousand tonnes in February 2014.

Stocks of cereals held at ports, co-ops and merchants in the UK at the end of February 2014:

  • Total wheat stocks at 1.1 million tonnes were 5.7% lower than the 1.2 million stocks reported at February 2013. Stocks of home grown wheat were relatively similar whilst stocks of imported wheat were lower but they were particularly high in 2013. Compared to other more typical years imported wheat stocks are higher and domestic wheat stocks are lower, consistent with increased imports due to the low 2013 UK harvest.

  • Own-grown barley stocks stood at 897 thousand tonnes, a 15% increase on the 777 thousand tonnes reported for February 2013, reflecting increased domestic production in 2013.

  • Maize stocks were 204 thousand tonnes. Imports have continued at a high level with favourable price relationships leading to increased use across a range of sectors.

Detailed results

Stocks at the end of February 2014

Own-grown wheat stocks on farms in England and Wales fell by 10% from February 2013 to just 3.2 million tonnes, the lowest level seen in recent years. This is not expected given the reduced UK harvest for 2013. As a proportion of production, wheat stocks still on farms in February 2014 has remained at 28% which is in line with 2013 and 2012. Regionally the largest proportions of production still on the farm were in the East Midlands and in the East of England (table 4) which are the two largest cereal producing n in England and Wales coming from the East Midlands and 30% from the East of England. The increased stocks of barley and oats on farm are in line with increased domestic production.

Figure 1: Stocks held on farms of own-grown grain at the end of February or March each year (England and Wales)

Figure 2: Stocks held by UK ports, co-ops and merchants at end of February 2012 and 2013

Total wheat stocks at 1.1 million tonnes were lower than in 2013 of 1.2 million tonnes and which has been typical in recent years. Compared to last year, this was mainly due to lower stocks of imported grain. However these were particularly high in 2013 when UK production was low and quality was reduced so increasing the demand for high quality imported wheat for millers. Compared to other more typical years stocks of home grown grain are lower and stocks of imported grain are higher which is due to low domestic production in both 2013 and 2012.

There was a notable increase in the amount of stocks of home grown barley and home grown oats in February 2014 compared to February 2013 which is due to the increased domestic production. Stocks of maize are also strong which is consistent with the high level of imports seen in the 2013/13 season with favourable prices increasing demand for a range of sectors including animal feed.

Stocks at the end of June 2013

The figures below show the volume of own-grown grain still in stock on farms (figure 3) and grain held in UK ports, co-ops and merchants (figure 4) at the end of June each year. Additional surveys will run in June 2014 to collect this information for the end of the 2013/14 crop year. Results from these second surveys will be published here in August 2014.

Figure 3: Stocks held on farms of own-grown grain at the end of June each year (England and Wales)

Figure 4: Stocks held by UK ports, co-ops and merchants at the end of June 2012 and 2013

May 2014

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