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USDA GAIN: Oilseeds, Cotton, Sugar, Grain and Feed


30 April 2012

USDA GAIN: Mexico Grain and Feed Annual 2012USDA GAIN: Mexico Grain and Feed Annual 2012

Post/New total wheat production and harvested area estimates for MY 2012/13 have been revised downward from Post/Old estimates due to more complete data from the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA) and industry sources. New industry information suggests greater volumes of domestic and imported wheat were used in feed formulations for the livestock sector during marketing years (MY) 2010/11 and MY 2011/12.
USDA GAIN Report - Oilseeds, Cotton, Sugar, Grain and Feed

General Information:

Post/New total wheat production and harvested area estimates for MY 2012/13 have been revised downward from Post/Old estimates due to more complete data from the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA) and industry sources. Wheat production suffered in 2011 due to weather-related issues which have led to lower yields for farmers. Moreover, new industry information suggests greater volumes of domestic and imported wheat were used in feed formulations during marketing years (MY) 2010/11 and MY 2011/12. Total wheat import and export estimates have been revised upward from the Post/Old estimate due to newer information from government and industry sources.

Wheat

Production

Post/New total wheat production and harvested area estimates for MY 2012/13 have been revised downward from Post/Old estimates (published in the end-March 2012 GAIN report MX2018 Prolonged Drought Devastates Grain and Feed Sector) due to more complete data from SAGARPA. Wheat output was reduced due to smaller than expected area planted in the 2011/12 fall/winter crop cycle and adverse weather conditions. Consequently, Post expects wheat output in the 2011/12 fall/winter crop cycle to range from 3.1 to 3.2 million metric tons (MMT) - approximately 16 percent lower than the previous year. Similarly, production and harvested area estimates for MY 2011/112 have been adjusted slightly downward from USDA/Official estimates based on SAGARPA final information.

Consumption

Post/New MY 2011/12 wheat consumption estimates for feed and residual use has been revised upwards from 1.250 MMT to 1.450 MMT based on new information from industry sources. Similarly, the Post/New MY 2010/11 wheat consumption estimate for feed and residual use has been revised upward by 250,000 MT to 750,000 MT based on this new information. The increased consumption estimates reflects favorable prices leading many in Mexico’s domestic animal husbandry sector to increase volumes of feed quality wheat. Feed manufacturers substituted domestic durum into feed formulas (rather than sorghum) in MY 2011/12 because of its higher nutritional value. Also, the Post/New estimates of FSI consumption for MY 2010/11 and MY 2011/12 have been revised downward slightly from USDA/official figures based on updated information recently provided by the Mexican Millers Association (CANIMOLT). According to CANIMOLT, demand of the wheat milling industry is expect to increase approximately 5 percent in MY 2011/12, assuming expected consumers purchasing power recovery.

Trade

Post/New wheat import estimate for MY 2012/13 has been increased to 4.3 MMT from Post/Old estimates (see 2012 GAIN report MX2018 Prolonged Drought Devastates Grain and Feed Sector) due to higher than expected decline in domestic production. Also, the Post/New total wheat import forecast for MY 2011/12 has been revised upward from USDA/Official data based data from official data from SAGARPA and the General Customs Directorate of the Finance Secretariat (SHCP) for the firsts nine months of the MY 2011/12. The United States and Canada will be the main suppliers of wheat during this marketing year. Industry sources stated that demand for imported wheat has been higher than previously expected due to competitive prices during the first months of this marketing year. A large percentage of imported wheat has been devoted to feed use in the livestock sector. However, industry sources have stated that these imports should decrease towards the end of this marketing year as a new harvest of alternatives feed grains become available - mainly sorghum from Tamaulipas.

The Post/New total wheat export estimate for MY 2011/12 has increased from USDA/Official and Post/Old estimates as Mexico is continuing to export durum wheat, wheat flour and dry pasta to many countries around the world. Moreover, these figures do take into consideration SAGARPA and SHCP official data for the first nine months of this marketing year.

Stocks

For MY 2012/13, the Post/New ending stocks estimate has been revised upward from Post/Old estimates to 405,000 MT, due to an expected increase in imports. As a result of new trade and market information, the Post/New MY 2010/11 ending stocks estimate has been lowered from the USDA/Official estimate.

For More Information

FAS/Mexico Web Site: We are available at www.mexico-usda.com or visit the FAS headquarters' home page at www.fas.usda.gov for a complete selection of FAS worldwide agricultural reporting.

April 2012

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