Alzheimer’s Disease: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

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Alzheimer's Disease Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Around 7000 diseases do not have a cure. However, that is what makes them formidable, and it becomes more painful for the ones affected and their loved ones when it is related to the brain. The brain is the commanding organ of the human body. Therefore, a human being’s existence becomes a question if it suffers.

Alzheimer’s is one such disease this article is going to talk about. Here we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments for the same.

What Is Alzheimer’s?

Alzheimer’s is a gradually worsening brain condition. It impacts the memory, cognition, and behavior of a person. Moreover, it commonly leads to dementia. Dementia is a decline in mental capabilities affecting daily functioning. 

Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer’s disease involves the development of irregular protein deposits in the brain. This disrupts communication among nerve cells and causes progressive damage. Such damage manifests as memory lapses, confusion, and alterations in personality.

What are the Causes of Alzheimer’s?

The specific causes of Alzheimer’s disease are unknown. However, it is thought to be a mix of the following:

1. Genetics

The Alzheimer’s disease has a hereditary element. It exhibits the involvement of specific genes in its development. Such genes increase the likelihood of getting the condition. APOE-e4 is the most prevalent risk gene.

2. Age

Growing older is a big risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease. As people become older, their chances of acquiring the condition rise.

3. Brain Changes

Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by aberrant protein deposits in the brain, such as beta-amyloid plaques and tau tangles. These deposits disrupt normal cell communication and cause nerve cell injury.

4. Health Conditions

Certain medical disorders, such as cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure, have increased chances of getting Alzheimer’s. Therefore, maintaining excellent overall health is essential for mitigating these hazards.

5. Environmental variables

Certain environmental variables may also play a role. This includes toxin exposure, head traumas, and poorly treated cardiovascular problems. Thus, keeping the brain and body in good shape can help lower the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

What are the Symptoms of Alzheimer’s?

The symptoms of Alzheimer’s depend on the individual. However, they all experience the following:

1. Memory Loss

One of the most common symptoms is trouble remembering. This involves new information, crucial dates, and repetitive questions.

2. Difficulty Performing Familiar duties

As Alzheimer’s develops, you may struggle to carry out basic chores. These duties can be cooking or dressing.

3. Disorientation and Confusion

Alzheimer’s disease can induce confusion regarding time, place, and familiar faces. You may become disoriented in familiar situations.

4. Changes in Behavior and Personality

You may experience feeling apprehensive, distrustful, or withdraw from social activities due to changes in behavior and personality. As the condition progresses, personality changes are prevalent.

5. Problem-Solving Difficulties

People with Alzheimer’s may struggle to solve simple issues or establish plans. Once simple tasks become difficult for those affected by Alzheimer’s.

What is the Treatment for Alzheimer’s?

Despite no cure available for Alzheimer’s, some of the following therapies can treat its symptoms:

1. Medications

Memantine and cholinesterase inhibitors are two drugs popularly prescribed to those suffering from Alzheimer’s. It assists in controlling cognitive problems and promotes communication between nerve cells.

2. Behavioural and environmental interventions

Such interventions help treat behavioral symptoms by changing the environment and providing organized routines. It is also advantageous to create a peaceful and encouraging environment.

3. Counselling and Support

Coping skills and advice on dealing with difficulties are frequently provided in counseling. Therefore, counseling and support groups can provide emotional help to both Alzheimer’s patients and their carers. 

4. Changes in Lifestyle

Promoting a healthy lifestyle can improve overall health and reduce the course of symptoms of an Alzheimer’s patient. This includes frequent exercise, a well-balanced diet, and social interaction. Moreover, regular medical examinations are essential for controlling concurrent health issues.

5. Physical Activity

It has been established that regular physical activity provides cognitive advantages. Moreover, exercise can help you maintain general health, enhance mood, and even decrease cognitive deterioration.

6. Nutritional Support

A sufficient dietary intake is crucial for physical health and optimizing cognitive function. Thus, a nutritionally balanced diet rich in fruits and omega-3 fatty acids must be maintained. 

Conclusion

In conclusion, millions of people worldwide have Alzheimer’s. Although it is incurable, that does not mean it cannot be eased. So, ensure you handle yourself or your loved ones accordingly. Moreover, regular medical check-ups are also necessary to monitor the individual’s health.

William John, the chief editor of The Cropsite, is a man with expertise in general medicine who is enthusiastic about helping people from all corners of the world through his content writing. William John covers all the things related to general medicine and is a person who can be described as a walking encyclopedia of general health. His years of knowledge of general medicine have made him a proficient person who is skilled in understanding all aspects of a person’s physical health. With this decade of experience in general medicine, William John greatly contributes to creating content such as articles and product reviews that each reader of The CropSite can depend on for being authentic and backed by research.

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