Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) – Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BH) is often referred to as prostate gland enlargement and it is a prevalent medical condition that affects aging men. Prostate is a small gland that is located just below your bladder and the condition occurs when it gradually increases in size. BPH might lead to various health conditions including urinary infections and other issues. Nowadays, BPH is a very common condition that affects millions of men worldwide. It can lower the quality of a man’s life and impact them badly. Here in this article, you will get to know more about Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), its symptoms, and the causes that lead to BPH. So keep reading.

What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?

The prostate is a small gland present in men’s body that helps to make semen. It is a walnut-sized organ that is part of the male reproductive system, surrounding the urethra, which carries urine and semen out of your body.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

The main function of the prostate gland is to produce and store the fluid that contains sperm during ejaculation. When men become old, this prostate gland gets enlarged and leads to various discomfort and this condition is often referred to as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or BPH.   

What are the causes of BPH?

Here are some of the causes that lead to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH):

  • Aging: Aging is the most common factor that leads to BPH. because, as men grow older, their prostate glands get enlarged, and their size increases. According to studies and research, by the age of 60, over 50% of men will have prostate enlargement. 
  • Hormonal fluctuations: Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is a hormone that plays an important role in the development of BPH. As men grow older, their body starts producing more DHT which is a potent form of testosterone. The increased amount of DHT leads to an enlarged prostate.
  • Genetics: If you have a family background of BPH, then there is a high risk of getting BPH as genetics can influence it a lot and may increase the risk of developing the condition. 
  • Hormonal imbalances: Imbalances in sex hormones such as estrogen and testosterone can impact the growth of the prostate gland.
  • Inflammation: Studies have reported that chronic inflammation can be a primary reason for an enlarged prostate.
  • Obesity: There is a potential link between obesity and getting an enlarged prostate.
  • Diet: Research suggests that your dietary habits might influence the development of BPH. 

What are the symptoms of BPH?

BPH might lead to various health conditions and some of the symptoms associated with the risk of BPH are:

  • Frequent urination: People who are suffering from an enlarged prostate experience a frequent tendency to urinate and this may disrupt your sleep and lead to symptoms such as fatigue.
  • Urge to urinate: It can cause a sudden and strong urge to urinate.
  • Weakened urinary system: Men who have BPH may experience a less forceful urine stream and may take longer time than usual to empty their bladder.
  • Difficulty in initiating urination:  They might experience difficulty and pain in initiating urination and maintaining a steady flow of urine.

Treatment for BPH

Many treatment options are now available for BPH and it varies according to the severity of the symptoms. Some of the treatment options now available are:

  • Regular monitoring of moderate symptoms might be recommended by most healthcare professionals.
  • Many medicines including alpha-blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are available on the market that are most commonly prescribed to reduce the symptoms associated with BPH.
  • There are a lot of invasive procedures including transurethral resection of the prostate, laser therapy, and you can remove or reduce the prostate tissue which helps to increase the urine flow.
  • In most severe conditions, healthcare professionals recommend surgery that removes the enlarged prostate tissue.      


Benign prostatic hyperplasia is the most common condition that most men suffer from when they grow old. It can be prevented by certain treatments and early detection. Maintaining a healthy diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may help to improve the overall health of the prostate. Also, staying active and reducing the consumption of caffeine can also have a positive impact on prostate health. If you suspect that you are suffering from BPH or have any mild symptoms, it is better to consult a healthcare professional as soon as possible.  

William John, the chief editor of The Cropsite, is a man with expertise in general medicine who is enthusiastic about helping people from all corners of the world through his content writing. William John covers all the things related to general medicine and is a person who can be described as a walking encyclopedia of general health. His years of knowledge of general medicine have made him a proficient person who is skilled in understanding all aspects of a person’s physical health. With this decade of experience in general medicine, William John greatly contributes to creating content such as articles and product reviews that each reader of The CropSite can depend on for being authentic and backed by research.

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