Diabetes is one of the most common diseases that people in their middle age suffer from. This health condition affects your body in many different ways, such as kidney failure, cardiovascular diseases, and, in some cases, vision loss. If you are starting to see the symptoms of diabetes and are afraid to get it tested, then you must hurry and get it checked in time, as it could get dangerous to your health and can cause death as well. Anyways, this article is all about the effects of diabetes on vision, signs, and its treatments; take a fun tour through it.
What Exactly Affects Eye Vision?
Diabetic retinopathy is the name of the condition which affects your vision if you are suffering from diabetes. The increased levels of sugar in your blood due to diabetes slowly start to damage the back side of your eye(retina).
It is the part of your eye where the light rays are projected from outside, and it sends signals about the image to your brain. When the nerves that connect the retina to your brain get damaged or blocked, you start to lose your vision or see some symptoms that are mentioned further.
Indications Of Vision Loss
When you start to lose your vision due to diabetes, it happens slowly and gradually. Type-1 diabetes is not a threat to your vision as it increases low levels of blood sugar in your body, but when it comes to type-2 diabetes, there is a very high chance of vision loss if not controlled. There are some signs and indications which let you know about your condition. Here are some of them:
1. Blind Spots In Your Vision
When high blood sugar levels start to damage your retina nerves, you start to see some blind spots in your vision. If you are seeing black spots in your peripheral vision, it means your vision is starting to lose. These black spots can be of any shape and size, so rush to an eye specialist and get your treatments immediately.
2. Blurry Vision
Blurry vision is a common eye condition in people with bad vision or someone who uses spectacles, but if you suddenly get blurred vision, then it is highly probable that you are affected by diabetic retinopathy. New spectacles are not going to help with this, as the damage is in your nerves and probably getting worse.
3. Floating Strings
As a kid, you must have seen strings in your visions when you look at the sky. These strings get worse in a person with diabetic retinopathy. These floating strings fill your vision and block the things you want to see. Obviously, these are not real, but scar tissues in your retina cause you to see these string-like structures in your vision.
Diabetic retinopathy is a type of condition that usually causes permanent damage to your eyes if not taken seriously. There are certain treatment choices that you can choose to get rid of this condition permanently. Here are they:
1. Laser Treatment
A laser treatment or LASIK surgery is a type of procedure in which doctors try to repair your nerves or retina to clear your vision and get your eyes better. This procedure is not a long one, as you are going to get discharged from the hospital in a few hours.
2. Anti-VEGF Drugs Or Corticosteroids
These medications prevent damage to your retinal light receptors and vision loss. When you start taking these prescribed medications, these drugs prevent your retina and nerves from getting damaged any further. Other corticosteroids work in the same way but are too harsh for your eyes and can cause some side effects.
Some of the vitamin Bs like B1, B2, B6, and B12 are effective in treating your eyesight and repairing some damage in your retina. Other vitamins like folate(folic acid), lutein, and alpha-lipoic acids are also beneficial in improving the eye’s endothelial functions, lowering blood pressure, and treating the retina.
According to some statistics, Diabetes causes one death every 5 seconds around the world. If you are suffering from diabetes and starting to see the symptoms of vision loss, then you might be having mild diabetic retinopathy. You must consult an ophthalmologist immediately after identifying your symptoms from the above-mentioned signs and get your eye treated.