What Is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment 

Expert in global health, crafting insightful content at The Cropsite.

What Is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Treatment 

Drinking alcohol during pregnancy is common among most women who view there is no potential risk. Women who indulge in this habit feel confident to a maximum degree that it is safe and causes no harm. However, the latter reviews have a different informative exposure on how detrimental it can be to drink alcohol during pregnancy. It’s been scientifically disclosed that drinking alcohol during pregnancy results in problems with the fetus’s central nervous system and also leads to retarded growth. This article centers on the symptoms, causes, and treatment of fetal alcohol syndrome.

What Is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?

Foetal Alcohol Syndrome is a group of birth defects that is caused by alcohol consumption during pregnancy. When a pregnant mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy, it passes to the child through the placenta leading to chronic health consequences that leave the child with physical and mental impairment. A child with this syndrome typically looks different facially. The distinctive features include:

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

The Symptoms Of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 

The symptoms are categorized into three; physical defects, neurological defects, and behavioural defects. Albeit, some children may experience adverse effects while on others the symptoms won’t be too obvious. In whatever way, fetal alcohol syndrome makes it challenging for children to cope with normal life activities. 

Physical Effects Include:

  • The facial looks are mostly abnormal. Observable facial appearance include small eyes, the upper lips appearing thin, the nose is usually short and up-turned, and the skin in the nose and upper lip region is always smooth. 
  • Heart, kidney, and bone issues.
  • The head is normally small and bran size equivalent.
  • The fetus slagged in growth during and after birth.
  • They tend to have hearing loss.
  • Vision impairment is also an exhibited defect.

Neurological defects include:

  • Difficulty in learning and acquiring basic structural knowledge.
  • Lack of coordination and absence of equilibrial balance to harness leadership roles.
  • Inability to think and draft out ideas.
  • Being overly active.
  • Being moody.
  • Having poor judgment ability.

Behavioral defects include:

  • Unable to get along with others in  school
  • Lack of social skills
  • Low sense of reasoning
  • Inability to adapt to changes or instantly move to another task
  • Inability to manage time wisely
  • Difficulty accomplishing a given task
  • Low intelligence quotient which leads to inability to set goals or even reach a specified set goals.

Causes Of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome 

Mostly caused by alcohol consumption. Drinks that consist of alcohol, even though it’s mild, should be avoided. Alcoholic drinks such as wine, beer, and liquor are the major causes of fetal alcohol syndrome. 

When alcohol passes through the placenta and becomes active in the fetus’s body, it can damage body organs because the fetus has no well-developed liver to break down the alcohol.  These inconsiderable actions of consuming alcohol while pregnant can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, premature labor, and critical birth defects.

Steer clear of alcoholic drinks during pregnancy and even while nursing your baby. While in the womb, your fetus’s brain undergoes a stage of development that can be interrupted by the introduction of alcohol.

Treatments Of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome 

FAS is an irreversible syndrome with no specific effective treatment. The only solution to the behavioral and educational challenges is through therapy. There’s no medication to soothe and revamp the condition.  If the child expresses symptoms such as anxiety, lack of focus, or hyperactivity, certain medicines can help reduce the strength of these problems. The medication to be given for these effects includes:

  • Drugs for anti-anxiety
  • Antidepressants
  • Stimulant for treating hyperactivity, lack of concentration, and low impulsive control
  • Neuroleptic can be used to treat aggression and anxiety

Engaging in complementary therapies such as acupuncture, yoga, massage, and exercise can lead to helpful benefits.


Foetal Alcohol Syndrome is an irreversible syndrome that occurs as a result of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. So, if you are pregnant and alcohol cravings trigger, remember that there’s no specific amount of alcohol that’s been medically proven to be less harmful to your fetus, the best option is to completely cut off interest in alcohol if not, you will put your child at risk of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome.

William John, the chief editor of The Cropsite, is a man with expertise in general medicine who is enthusiastic about helping people from all corners of the world through his content writing. William John covers all the things related to general medicine and is a person who can be described as a walking encyclopedia of general health. His years of knowledge of general medicine have made him a proficient person who is skilled in understanding all aspects of a person’s physical health. With this decade of experience in general medicine, William John greatly contributes to creating content such as articles and product reviews that each reader of The CropSite can depend on for being authentic and backed by research.

Learn More

Leave a Comment