Gum Infections: What Are The Causes, Treatments, And Remedies?

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Gum Infections

Do you feel like your gums are receding or you spit blood while brushing your teeth? You should get it checked for gum infections. Oral hygiene is essential for keeping your health in check, and gum infections are a symptom of something wrong with it.

From bleeding gums to trench mouth, your oral hygiene game needs to be on the strong game. In this blog, we are going to understand gum infections, their causes, treatment, and some home remedies to treat gum pain. 

Understanding Gum Infections

When the bacteria in your mouth is built up and grows freely, it can lead to gum infections. With the layers of bacteria growing in your mouth, it becomes a tartar which is equivalent to a rug that has not been cleaned for 10 years. 

Tartar helps the bacteria to enter your gums and teeth and spread inside which is not good for your oral or overall health. There are several gum infections one might get because of poor oral hygiene:

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Pericoronitis
  • Gum abscess
  • Gum recession
  • Oral Cancer

Understanding Gum Infections

Causes Of Gum Infections

It is no surprise that gum infections are caused because of poor oral hygiene, but some factors can lead to gum infections. They are:

  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes in women during pregnancy
  • Crooked teeth
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Diabetes
  • Oldage
  • Poor nutrition
  • Hereditary dental problems

Treatment Of Gum Infections

Your dentists may recommend various treatments for gum infections. These will include:

➡️ Dental Cleaning

This is a professional cleaning where the dentist clears up the plaque formed on the teeth and bottom of your gums. It helps to treat gingivitis and lets your gum heal from the damage. With this procedure, there comes a set of instructions and aftercare that needs to be followed.

➡️ Scaling And Root Planing

This procedure is an advanced version of dental cleaning. It not only clears the tartar that is sitting on the top of your teeth and gums but also removes the damaged tissue on the gums. 

With antimicrobial medications and mouthwashes, the tartar can be removed effectively where it is not accessible manually. This procedure is used to treat periodontal disease and gum abscesses which preserves healthy gums and bones in the mouth. 

➡️ Medication 

As per your case, your dentist will recommend a set of medications including antimicrobials and antibiotics. Some are effective before the dental cleaning, while some are recommended to take after the cleaning process. With this also comes a specified toothpaste that will help you maintain hygiene in your mouth.

Home Remedies For Treating Gum Pain

In times of emergency, there is a long line to visit the dentist. To subside the gum pain, there are home remedies that can help you effectively.

➡️ Rinse Your Mouth With Salt-Water Solution

The saltwater solution is the first thing that comes into mind when dealing with gum pain. Saltwater is a natural antimicrobial and pain reliever. Take a glass of warm water and add two tablespoons of rock salt to it. Swish this solution in your mouth for 40-50 seconds and then spit it out.

➡️ Use Tea Tree Oil 

Tea tree oil has been used as a pain reliever from ancient times and can treat infected gums effectively. You can make a tea tree oil solution or dab cotton dipped in the tea tree oil on your gums. Repeat this process twice a day when suffering from gingivitis.

➡️ Hot Compress

Using a hot compress on the affected areas will surely give temporary relief. You can take a piece of clean cloth and place it on a hot pan to warm it up. Use this cloth to compress the side of your affected mouth and keep it there for 30-40 seconds. Make sure that the cloth does not burn and that it is bearable to you to avoid burning the skin.


Gum infections and gum pain are very painful and often go away on their own. But when the pain stays for more than two days, it is a sign to visit the dentist. Clean your teeth twice a day to avoid getting gum infections. Also do not forget to floss, which clears up the residue food that brushes don’t normally get. Keep up your hygiene game and stay safe!

William John, the chief editor of The Cropsite, is a man with expertise in general medicine who is enthusiastic about helping people from all corners of the world through his content writing. William John covers all the things related to general medicine and is a person who can be described as a walking encyclopedia of general health. His years of knowledge of general medicine have made him a proficient person who is skilled in understanding all aspects of a person’s physical health. With this decade of experience in general medicine, William John greatly contributes to creating content such as articles and product reviews that each reader of The CropSite can depend on for being authentic and backed by research.

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