Dealing With Hormone Imbalance: Causes, Symptoms And Treatments

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Dealing With Hormone Imbalance Causes, Symptoms And Treatments

Hormones are influential chemical messengers that travel across your bloodstream to instruct organs and tissues for their functions and control several essential processes, such as reproduction and metabolism.

When there is an increase or decrease in a specific hormone, it may lead to a hormonal imbalance. Sometimes, the imbalance occurs due to aging, while other times, the endocrine glands may be the culprit. Keep reading to understand the symptoms and treatments for this condition.

The Primary Causes Of Hormonal Imbalance 

Several causes result in hormonal imbalance. These causes may differ based on the affected gland or hormone. Some primary reasons include:

Hormone Imbalance Causes, Symptoms And Treatments
  • Excessive Stress        

The modern environment exposes individuals to numerous trying conditions. The serum level of several hormones can alter drastically, including growth hormone, catecholamines, prolactin, and glucocorticoids. Some of these responses can cause disorders such as obesity, gonadal dysfunction, Graves’ disease, or psychosexual dwarfism.

  • Poor Diet

Your lifestyle choices can affect your hormone levels more than you can imagine. An improper or inadequate diet can significantly contribute to an imbalance in hormone levels. Processed food, starchy carbohydrates, fast food, red meat, caffeine, etc., are well-known culprits.

  • Pregnancy or Impact of Medications

Women can experience a rise in progesterone and estrogen levels during pregnancy, while they experience a sudden drop in estrogen levels during menopause. Birth control pills or hormonal replacement medications can cause hormonal imbalances. Antidepressants can also result in hormonal imbalances for some individuals.

The Symptoms Of Having Hormonal Imbalance 

While anyone can suffer from a hormonal imbalance, men and women may not experience the same symptoms. It is because while the primary hormones for men include testosterone, cortisol, and growth hormone, the primary hormones in women include estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone.

  • Symptoms in males

In men, the most apparent side effects include low sexual drive and erectile dysfunction. Some other symptoms in men are:

  1. Poor muscle mass
  2. Insufficient sperm count
  3. Improper body hair growth
  4. Some men also experience changes in their breasts and may experience tenderness. 
  5. Others experience additional tissue development in their chest area.
  • Symptoms in females 

Compared to men, females experience an extended list of symptoms. Hormonal imbalances in women tend to impact multiple body parts and organs. A process that can suffer an impact because of the disruption is menstruation. Females can experience the following symptoms-

  1. Heavy and painful flow
  2. Digestive problems, where they may either experience diarrhea, constipation, or an alternating combination of both. 
  3. Some females also report lower sexual drive than men. Vaginal dryness, which causes uncomfortable or painful sex, can also be the reason behind this.
  4. Women may also experience skin problems, weak bones, weight gain, excessive hair growth, and infertility.

Treatments Available For Hormonal Imbalance

Based on the causes of hormonal imbalance, your provider can suggest an adequate treatment. Let us learn about some of the popular treatments: 

  • Estrogen Therapy

Professionals suggest a limited estrogen dosage for treating menopause symptoms. Before going through HRT (hormone replacement therapy), be sure to research its benefits and risks.

  • Anti-androgen medication

Every gender contains the male sex hormones called androgens. High levels of androgen can result in hair loss, acne, and hair growth on the face. These medications can block such effects.

  • Testosterone therapy

Those suffering from low testosterone levels can consume testosterone supplements. Some who deal with delayed puberty can benefit from this therapy. These supplements are available as gel, patches, or injections.

  • Hormonal birth control

Are you suffering from irregular periods? Hormonal birth control options can help bring your period cycle back to normal. Some of these include vaginal rings, birth control pills, patches, shots, and IUDs (intrauterine devices). Some of these also help with acne and reduce facial or body hair.

  • Thyroid hormone therapy

Those suffering from hypothyroidism may balance their hormone levels with the help of levothyroxine, which is an artificial thyroid hormone.

Conclusion

Hormones take care of numerous crucial processes occurring in the human body. Different individuals may experience distinct symptoms when these hormones go out of balance. The imbalance can also result in multiple complications and demand instant treatment.

Hence, if you notice yourself experiencing any of these symptoms or changes in your energy or body levels, you should contact a medical professional immediately.

William John, the chief editor of The Cropsite, is a man with expertise in general medicine who is enthusiastic about helping people from all corners of the world through his content writing. William John covers all the things related to general medicine and is a person who can be described as a walking encyclopedia of general health. His years of knowledge of general medicine have made him a proficient person who is skilled in understanding all aspects of a person’s physical health. With this decade of experience in general medicine, William John greatly contributes to creating content such as articles and product reviews that each reader of The CropSite can depend on for being authentic and backed by research.

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