Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common types of anemia in which blood does not have enough red blood cells (RBC). RBC is so important because it carries oxygen from one cell to another.
Haemoglobin is an essential part of red blood cells made with the help of iron and protein; hemoglobin is the main component that transports oxygen through your blood. It carries oxygen from the lungs and transports it to all body parts. Proper oxygen transportation is so important to working our body correctly, and deficiency of iron can cause decreases in hemoglobin levels in the blood, which refers to anemia.
One of the most important things is our body is not able to produce iron on its own; an iron-rich diet is the only way to improve the level of iron in our body. In this article, you will get to know about proper signs and symptoms and how you can prevent iron deficiency anemia.
How To Identify That You Have Anemia?
There are types of signs and symptoms of anemia that differ from person to person; some of the signs and symptoms of anemia are very common and seen in many people in general; they do not make you iron deficiency anemia.
But if you have been facing these signs and symptoms for a long time, then you must consult your doctor or health practitioner and take the appropriate tests. Some of the major signs and symptoms of iron deficiency anemia are:
- The most common symptom of iron deficiency anemia is pale skin and yellowing of the eyes, often accompanied by a feeling of coldness.
- Shortness of breath is also one of the important symptoms because of a lack of hemoglobin in the blood cells; blood does not transport proper oxygen in every cell of the body. Many people do the respiration process more frequently than normal, and because of this, people suffer shortness of breath.
- Fatigue, dizziness, and fainting are also some of the major symptoms of iron deficiency anemia because the central nervous system is one of the most important parts of the brain; it controls all functions of the body. In these conditions, because of a lack of hemoglobin, enough oxygen does not reach the central nervous system, which leads to many problems, including fatigue, dizziness, headache, tiredness, etc.
- Fast and irregular heartbeat is also one symptom of this; because of a lack of hemoglobin level, people have to breathe faster than normal, and this will increase the rate of heartbeat.
- Some of the other important signs and symptoms that are seen in many people are changes in stool colors, low blood pressure, enlargement of the spleen, brittle nails, hair loss, etc.
What Are The Major Causes Of Iron Deficiency Anemia?
There are many causes associated with iron deficiency anemia, but some of the major causes of this are:
- One of the most important causes of iron deficiency anemia is a lack of iron-rich food in your diet; as you know, your body is not able to produce iron on its own, and the only source of iron left is diet.
- Major blood loss is also one of the reasons for Anemia; people who have recently suffered from an emergency or any major surgery by which they lose a large amount of blood become one of the major causes of this.
- People who donate blood more frequently are also more prone to iron deficiency anemia; if you make regular blood donations, then you must take the necessary gap between them.
- People who menstruate every month are also much more prone to anemia because they lose some amount of blood every month.
What Are The Efficient Ways To Prevent Iron Deficiency Anemia?
Preventing iron deficiency anemia is both difficult and simple, but prevention is always better than cure. To prevent iron deficiency anemia, eat many iron-rich foods like legumes (beans, lentils, chickpeas, etc.), eggs, meat, dark leafy vegetables, nuts and seeds, etc.
Apart from having iron-rich food, you must include foods that increase the absorption capacity of iron from iron-rich foods, like eating lots of citrus fruits and avoiding coffee and tea during your meals.
Iron deficiency is one of the major health issues caused because of lots of reason and have a lot of symptoms. Add lots of iron-rich food to your diet, make regular visits to your doctor, and do routine checkups to prevent anemia.