Have you recently been diagnosed with knee bursitis? To explain in simple terms, it is an inflammation of a small fluid-filled sac (bursa) that lies near your knee joint. A study by Oxford Academic shows that blue-collar workers, especially laborers in the construction sector were mostly affected by knee bursitis compared to other occupation categories. As someone suffering from this knee bursitis, the condition may be painful. It may also cause swelling and limit your mobility. However, no worries. In this article, we take you through how to treat knee bursitis pain and swelling.
Top Lifestyle And Home Remedies For Knee Bursitis
If yours is a case of acute knee bursitis, try out the below lifestyle and home remedies. According to doctors, they will offer relief from pain and discomfort.
1. Rest your knee. This is done to avoid movements that may aggravate the pain.
2. Consume over-the-counter pain relievers. Try using anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, naproxen sodium (Aleve, others), or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) in the short term as they offer temporary relief from the pain.
3. Raise the elevated knee. This will aid in reducing pressure and swelling in your knee.
4. Perform range-of-motion exercises every day. Gently move your knee joint through its full range of motion. This can be done even while you are resting the joint area as this movement will prevent stiffness. Once the pain subsides, start doing other exercises as it will strengthen the muscles around your joint.
4. Apply an ice pack to your knee for 20 minutes continuously. Repeat this several times a day till the time the pain goes away or until the knee does not feel warm any longer and tender to the touch.
5. Apply compression with the aid of compressive wraps or knee sleeves. This will help in reducing swelling.
6. Say no to tobacco smoking. The reason is that smoking delays wound and tissue healing.
Treatment for knee bursitis
If the swelling on your knees and other symptoms persist even after 2 to 3 weeks, it is recommended to consult a doctor. The following are the treatment methods generally adopted by doctors.
1. Bursal aspiration
Bursal aspiration is a procedure in which the excess fluid is removed from the prepatellar bursa with the help of a needle and syringe. The advantage of doing this procedure is that it helps relieve pressure from your knee. Bursal aspiration is also used sometimes as a diagnostic tool to check the possibilities of infections or other ailments such as gout.
2. Cortisone injection
If your prepatellar bursitis is related to other inflammatory conditions, say gout or rheumatoid arthritis, the next step in the treatment would be a cortisone injection. However, recent research shows that cortisone injections on the prepatellar bursa may cause side effects such as skin discoloration, infection near the site of injection, and degeneration.
3. Antibiotic therapy
If it is a case of Septic prepatellar bursitis, your doctor may prescribe a treatment with antibiotics. Oral antibiotics are effective in treating mild to moderate septic bursitis. However, if you have signs of severe infection, or if you have compromised immune systems, then hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics may be required.
If you have been diagnosed with chronic or septic knee bursitis, a surgery called bursectomy may be required to remove the affected bursae. If a traditional bursectomy is performed, an incision will be made in your skin over the knee to remove the prepatellar bursa. The second method is to perform an endoscopic bursectomy in which smaller incisions will be made. The objective of this approach is to reduce the risk of infection, trouble healing, and scarring.
If you opt for nonsurgical treatment of prepatellar bursitis, it may take a recovery time of 2 weeks or longer. However, the danger of leaving chronic bursitis untreated is that the condition may last months or years.
Hope the article unravels the unknown areas of knee bursitis. The best approach to treat this ailment would be to try home remedies and make lifestyle modifications. If they do not work at all, it is recommended to consult a doctor at the earliest.