The oral health system is as complex as our digestive system. Apart from the organs, there is a whole ecosystem of microorganisms living in your mouth that helps keep your mouth clean.
The community as a whole is known as the oral microbiome and can include all kinds of bacteria. This means the bacteria could be both good and bad. To maintain good oral hygiene, one must make sure to strike a balance between the two.
Not just Bacteria, the oral system can also include viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms. Together they are known to maintain digestion, immunity, and oral health.
Good Bacteria In The Mouth
They play a vital role in keeping your oral health at its best. Known as probiotics, they help in various ways. Firstly, they protect against bad bacteria that could take up spaces in the crevices and lead to cavities at a later time. It also fights off the bad bacteria to remain in good numbers and ensures gum health as well.
Secondly, it balances the pH levels in your mouth. Much like any other part, the mouth also requires to be under a certain level; alkaline or neutral to maintain enamel health and avoid acid erosion.
Thirdly, it strengthens the immune system by making it aware of bad bacteria so that it can fight it off before it invades our body. Additionally, digestion usually starts from the buccal cavity and there are certain microbes present in the mouth that make it easier for the stomach to process the food. Moreover, it can also reduce the occurrence of bad breath and contribute to fresher breaths.
Lastly, gum inflammation and other ailments that generally affect the teeth are avoided due to the microbes present inside your oral cavity. A few good bacteria in your mouth include- Probiotic bacteria that maintain the pH level inside your mouth along with reducing the risk of tooth decay altogether.
Streptococcus Salivarius produces antimicrobial proteins that help our mouth from foreign invaders which otherwise can enter our body easily. Lactobacilli is what ensures an equilibrium between the two sects of bacteria and provides support to healthy gums.
Now how can we create a proper environment for good bacteria? This could be done if you follow some easy steps like brushing your teeth with fluoride toothpaste, eating a balanced diet and avoiding sugar at any cost. You can also choose to eat probiotics and subject yourself to oral checkups to avoid any confusion.
Bad Bacteria In The Mouth
Besides completely destroying your teeth, it can interfere with your whole immune system as a result of multiple effects it can leave. Primarily, we all are aware of tooth decay, and Streptococcus Mutans are known to cause it.
When you eat sugars, the bacteria start attacking your teeth and over time it completely corrodes the enamel providing protection. Slowly it corrodes your teeth and can cause severe pain even when you are eating.
Poryphormanis Gingivalis is another bad bacteria that can cause periodontal or gum diseases. They cause inflammation, infection and damage to the teeth tissues. This can further lead to gum recession, tooth mobility and even tooth recession. Halitosis or bad breath is a common problem faced by many.
Did you know this is caused by bad bacteria too? The bacteria contribute to the production of sulphur compounds and contribute to the foul odour. It happens often when you don’t brush your teeth properly.
Oral infections are a direct result of bad bacterial growth inside your mouth. It includes ulcers, abscesses and oral thrush which is extremely painful. Tooth sensitivity and discolouration can also be attributed to thriving bad bacterial activity inside your mouth.
Leading to tooth erosion, it can lead to premature falling off the tooth as well. Lastly, though scarce there is research suggesting that oral bacteria are the reason for heart disease diabetes and other lung disorders. More research on the subject is yet to be conducted.
Bad bacteria need a bad environment to live in. So the first thing you should be doing is to do away with the bad oral habits you might have. Along with brushing and flossing your teeth, you should also avoid drinking and smoking.