Ovarian Cancer: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

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Ovarian Cancer Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Several health issues surround women, among which some have short-term whereas others have long-term effects. Among those diseases is ovarian cancer, which is one of the fatal and formidable issues in the realm of women’s health. This is also known as a “silent killer” because it does not show any significant sign, and it grows a lot till the time it’s detected. 

Since there are very slim chances of ovarian cancer being diagnosed in an early stage, people need to understand the nuances of this fatal disease. Once the risk factors are known, it will be easier to identify the potential treatment options.

Potential Causes/ Factors Of Ovarian Cancer

  • It can be carried down from generation if anyone in the family has a history of ovarian, breast, or colorectal cancer.
  • Mutation of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes that you inherit from your parents can serve as a factor that elevates the risk of ovarian cancer.
  • Women over 50 years of age are highly endangered to the risk of ovarian cancer.
  • If a woman goes through hormone replacement therapy (HRT), then the process involves long-term use of estrogens without progesterone, and that can cause this health issue.
  • Women with fertility issues or those who have never been pregnant are at higher risk to suffer from this disease.
Ovarian Cancer

How Do You Recognize The Signs Of Ovarian Cancer?

1. Visit The Washroom More Than Usual

Women who suffer from ovarian cancer usually show signs like frequent urination. Their urination urge is increased, and they also go through pelvic pain or discomfort. This happens because of the changes that occur in the bladder during the stages of cancer.

2. Discomfort Or Pain In The Abdominal Area

Common signs like bloating, pelvic pain, and abdominal discomfort are experienced during ovarian cancer. However, other potential diseases show the same symptoms, so it becomes hard to determine the exact issue.

3. Loss Of Appetite And Significant Weight Loss

Women may lose weight without making any changes in their diet or physical activities. Even after having proper meals daily, there is no significant gain in weight, which symbolizes ovarian cancer. Apart from that, they don’t have the urge or motivation to eat. Most of the time, they feel discomfort and unwell, thus giving signs of cancer.

4. Prolonged Condition Of Constipation Or Diarrhea

During the condition of ovarian cancer, women may have changes in bowel habits that show signs like constipation or diarrhea. These symptoms are the potential causes of another gastrointestinal issue, but it raises concern when they occur with the other symptoms.

Why Is It Tough To Diagnose Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer shows symptoms that are also associated with several other diseases, and hence, this potential is often ruled out. This ignorance leads to the cancer developing unless it is finally detected. Since many women lost their lives due to the late detection of ovarian cancer, there are various approaches that healthcare specialists take so that the disease can be identified early. 

Pelvic examinations, imaging studies, blood tests, and biopsies are some of the most effective ways to identify and characterize the disease. These approaches help gynecologists detect any abnormality in the ovary or pelvic area that rings the alarm for the potential risk of ovarian cancer. 2 out of 10 women are completely saved every year from this disease because of the late diagnosis.

Effective Treatment To Cure Ovarian Cancer

Surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and hormone therapy are the most effective and successful treatments that are given to women diagnosed with ovarian cancer. These treatment approaches are determined after the stage of the cancer is identified. However, surgery is the most opted-for and most effective of all because it’s the process that involves removing the ovaries or tissues that are affected. 

Similarly, other treatments are given based on how the body of the patient responds to them. The main aim of the healthcare providers is to not only save the patients but also make sure that the situation does not reoccur.


The research to drive advancements in ovarian cancer treatments is still ongoing, and healthcare specialists are finding other approaches that can detect this disease early. Whenever one or two symptoms appear together, the individual must go to the gynecologist for consultation and get tested so that the potential risks can be eliminated.

William John, the chief editor of The Cropsite, is a man with expertise in general medicine who is enthusiastic about helping people from all corners of the world through his content writing. William John covers all the things related to general medicine and is a person who can be described as a walking encyclopedia of general health. His years of knowledge of general medicine have made him a proficient person who is skilled in understanding all aspects of a person’s physical health. With this decade of experience in general medicine, William John greatly contributes to creating content such as articles and product reviews that each reader of The CropSite can depend on for being authentic and backed by research.

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