Have you been feeling like there is a change in your body weight and unexplained weakness in your body? These are the early signs of the thyroid that may affect your liver, heart, skin, kidney, and brain. Thyroid issues are commonly found in women more than men and the symptoms are undetectable at first.
This is why you should check yourself and your loved ones for thyroid as an undiagnosed disease can be difficult to treat after a point. In this blog, we are going to understand how the thyroid works, its types, and its early signs.
What Is Thyroid?
The thyroid gland is butterfly-shaped in your neck just at the place where you can find Adam’s apple. This gland is responsible for your metabolism and produces special hormones called thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3). Now these hormones help your body to function optimally.
It aids in the regulation of energy levels, body temperature, heart function, growth and development, digestion, brain activity, and muscle function. Now when there is an imbalance in the release of these hormones, it can lead to thyroid disorders
Thyroid Disorder Types
Several types of thyroid disorders can affect your body in different ways. Let us understand them in detail.
This condition is caused because your thyroid glands cannot produce sufficient amounts of hormones. The inadequate amount of hormones when released slows down your metabolism and leads to weight gain, depression, sensitivity to cold temperatures, and lethargy.
This thyroid disorder is caused when your thyroid gland is producing too many hormones that your body cannot accommodate. These hormones accelerate your metabolism and lead to weight loss, increased heart rate, and excessive sweating.
This is a visible thyroid disorder where your thyroid glands tend to swell because of iodine deficiency. It can be caused by both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
- Thyroid Nodules
This condition leads to the growth of non-cancerous cells in your thyroid gland. These nodules secretly produce thyroid-stimulating hormones and cause hyperthyroidism.
- Thyroid Cancer
This disease is mostly found in cancer survivors who have undergone chemotherapy in the neck, head, or chest. It can be successfully treated with medication and radiation.
Early Signs Of Thyroid Disorders
Thyroid can be caused because of several reasons. Some popular causes entail iodine deficiency, pregnancy, exposure to radiation, autoimmune diseases, medication, or surgery. But without a diagnosis, you cannot tell if someone has thyroid or not.
However, there are signs of thyroid complications that can be suspicious of the disorder. So look out for these symptoms and consult your doctor.
- Fatigue And Sleepiness
Does it ever happen to you that you have been well rested last night, but you still feel like sleeping the next day? Or, you do not feel like doing anything even though you have had your meals and have delayed reflexes.
Well, this is one of the primary signs that you may have hypothyroidism. In hyperthyroidism, you may feel the opposite, where you have difficulty sleeping.
- Changes In Your Body Weight
Gaining unexplained weight has an association with hypothyroidism as losing expected weight is associated with hyperthyroidism. When there is a disruption in your thyroid hormones, your metabolism also changes. You can also consider factors like exercising, eating a balanced diet, or lifestyle changes before making assumptions.
- Intolerance To Extreme Temperatures
There comes an age where you cannot tolerate cold temperatures or a heated room for that matter. You might sweat excessively or need a blanket sometimes to deal with moderately high/low temperatures.
If you have been feeling this way and it is new to you then you should check for your thyroid. Hypothyroidism gives you intolerance to cold and hyperthyroidism, gives you intolerance to heat.
- Changes In Bowel Movements
Since there is a clear change in your metabolism, your body slows down its process to digest food in your stomach. This can lead to constipation, hardening of stools, or feeling bloated all the time. These are signs of hypothyroidism.
- Bulging Eyes And Deep Voices
Hyperthyroidism leads to irritation of eyes, bulging eyes, and vision changes. Whereas in hypothyroidism, your voice tends to take a hoarse or husky tone. If you see these unusual changes happening to you, then you should see a doctor.