Puberty hits differently for all and the reproductive system in the body awakens. Females start bleeding and males tend to have an active and increased production of testosterone. These testosterones define the sexual characteristics in males. Like the growth of facial hair, increased muscle mass, deep voice, sperm production, full growth of the penis, and bone density.
However, there is an underlying condition called Low Testosterone. This means that the male body is not able to produce a sufficient amount of testosterone. In this blog, we are going to understand how low testosterone can affect the body, its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
What Is Low Testosterone?
Low testosterone additionally known as hypogonadism is a circumstance where the body no longer produces enough of the hormone testosterone. Testosterone is essential for numerous functions in the male body. It helps with the improvement of sexual traits, muscle mass, bone density, and overall well-being.
It affects the individuals later in their 30s. Particularly in individuals who are obese, have type 2 diabetes, experience sleep apnea, have chronic conditions with liver, or kidney, or have HIV/AIDS.
Symptoms Of Low Testosterone
Low testosterone affects not only your body but also your mental and psychological conditions. Here is a detailed explanation of the symptoms of low testosterone
- Reduced libido
- Erectile disorder or problem maintaining an erection
- Reduced sperm production
- Shrinking of testicles
- Decrease muscles and energy
- Increased body fat especially across the abdomen
- Decreased Bond and sitting
- Breast tissue and enlargement
- Loss of body hair
- Mood changes including irritability or melancholy
- Difficulty concentrating and memory issues
- Reduced motivation and Self-confidence
- Insomnia or destructed sleep cycles
- Hot flashes
- Sweating excessively
Diagnosis Of Low Testosterone
The diagnosis of low testosterone involves an aggregate of medical evaluation and blood tests. Here is how it’s typically carried out:
- Medical History And Physical Examination
Your doctor will discuss your symptoms and clinical records to carry out a physical examination. they will look for physical symptoms of low testosterone which includes decreased muscular tissues or Gynecomastia.
This also includes chemotherapy or exposure to radiation, which can cause low testosterone levels in the body. BMI and waist circumference will be measured as obesity is one of the causes of this disorder. Loss of hair and its pattern can also help in diagnosing the disorder.
- Blood Tests
The most common blood test for test low testosterone is supposed to be done in the morning when the testosterone levels are highest. If the total low testosterone production range is below the ordinary range that is around 100 to 1000 Nanograms according to decilitre. Additional tests may be carried out to determine the low testosterone.
HbA1C for diabetes, karyotype for chromosome test, bone density test, Hemoglobin, and luteinizing hormone tests are also done to figure out low levels of testosterone.
Treatment Of Low Testosterone
Treatment of low testosterone purposes to reverse the symptoms and address the underlying cause. The options are
- Testosterone Replacement Therapy
This is the most common remedy for low testosterone. It can be administered through injection, gels, patches, or implants. TRT aims to repair the testosterone range to normal and improve signs. The choice of treatment depends upon individual preference and clinical concern.
- Lifestyle Changes
Maintaining a healthy way of life can also assist in enhancing testosterone degrees. This consists of a normal workout, a balanced weight-loss plan, weight control, and avoiding stress. Staying hydrated and sleeping for 8-9 hours a day also comes under this remedy.
- Treatment Of Underlying Conditions
If low testosterone is due to an underlying clinical circumstance (e.g., pituitary tumor), addressing that situation is crucial. It is essential to understand that testosterone replacement therapy isn’t appropriate for every person and may have side effects.
Low testosterone can be a root cause of many underlying conditions and can negatively affect your health. It is important to take good care of yourself to function properly. You can also engage in physical exercise regularly to increase your sperm production.
Remember that there are side effects of testosterone replacement therapy which include irritation of the skin, mood swings, and swollen ankles. So consult with your doctor before undergoing any treatment. Everybody works differently and has different issues when exposed to therapy. Proper diagnosis and suitable treatment are always recommended.