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El Nino Could Hit India Pulses Production

El Nino Could Hit India Pulses Production

29 April 2014

ANALYSIS - India’s apex industry body is weighing heavily on El Nino that is expected to hit India this monsoon, writes Jagdish Kumar.

In a study on pulses production, which was released on 27 April, the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (Assocham) said: “If El Nino weighs on the monsoon and rains are deficient, pulses production will get severely hit.

Assocham said that major pulse-producing states - Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, which together account for about 80 per cent of the total production may witness less rainfall affecting the output and prices.

The demand-supply mismatch of pulses is causing further pressure on the prices of pulses which may shoot in the near future and therefore, timely precautionary steps need to be taken, the study adds.

India’s pulses production of nearly around 18.60 million tonnes, against the demand 22 million tonnes in India, has witnessed a very slow growth of mere 4.7% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) in the last five years and the unseasonal rains are also likely to impact the output further this year.

Speaking on trend, Assocham president, Rana Kapoor said, prices in India are dependent upon global production and supply situation in key exporting nations such as Canada, Myanmar, Australia and US.

“India’s large dependence on imports, higher prices and declining per capital availability and consumption of pulses has been matter of concern,” the study said.

As per an estimate, India is expected to produce around 21 million tonnes of pulses till 2016, while demand is projected to touch around 23 million tonnes in the next few years, despite the rise in production in last three years.

The production of pulses has been hovering around 11-15 million tonnes since the late 70s. But, from 2010-11 there has been a sharp surge in output and production reached a record 18.24 million tonnes and it is continued to remain around 17-18 million tonnes levels in the next few years and is projected to reach almost 18.5-19 million tonnes in 2013-14.

Improving research and development in pulses to develop more high yielding varieties and focusing more on bringing more pulses growing area under irrigation could be another way out, Assocham study stressed.

Pulses are grown in an area of 22-23 million hectares with an annual production of 13-18 million tonnes.

India accounts for 33 per cent of the world area and 24 per cent of the world production of pulses. There is a steep increase in the prices of pulses due to supply constraints to meet the growing demand due to population and increasing purchasing powers.

The pulses are grown across the country with the highest share coming from Madhya Pradesh (24 per cent), Uttar Pradesh (16 per cent), Maharashtra (14 per cent), Andhra Pradesh (10 per cent), Karnataka (7 per cent) and Rajasthan (6 per cent), which together share about 77 per cent of the total pulse production, while the remaining 23 per cent is contributed by Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Orissa and Jharkhand, the body said.

TheCropSite News Desk

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