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USDA GAIN: Oilseeds, Cotton, Sugar, Grain and Feed

05 November 2014

USDA GAIN: Kazakhstan Grain and Feed Update November 2014 USDA GAIN: Kazakhstan Grain and Feed Update November 2014

USDA GAIN Report - Oilseeds, Cotton, Sugar, Grain and Feed

Kazakhstan’s 2014 grain harvest is lower than last year, with the FAS/Astana estimate for wheat production at 13.0 million metric tons (MMT), down from last year’s 13.9 MMT. The most recent estimate for all grain production from the Kazakh Ministry of Agriculture (of which wheat typically accounts for 80 percent) was raised to 16 MMT from a previous forecast of 17 MMT. Harvesting during the third quarter of October was complicated by rains and snow in almost all northern grain producing regions. Aktobe, Zhambyl, West-Kazakhstan and South-Kazakhstan regions, with relatively small harvesting area, finished harvesting. However these regions were able to start harvesting earlier than northern regions. This year almost all regions, except North and West Kazakhstan, experienced a decrease in yield compared to the previous year.

The average yield for Kazakhstan decreased from 1.31 tons per hectare in 2013, to 1.23 tons per hectare in 2014. At the same time, the yield in the North-Kazakhstan region was 1.54 tons per hectare (up 10%), in the Akmola region the yield was 1.2 tons per hectare (down 2%), and in the Kostanay region the yield was 1.04 tons per hectare (down 8%) (see map below). In the Kostanay region, thanks to heavy rains and onset of snow during harvest, managed to harvest only 76% of planted area. Late seedlings in early summer and a lack of rain delayed the vegetation period for almost a month. July rains allowed seedlings to mature, but then subsequent heavy rain and relatively low temperatures required moving the date for harvest to later dates. More than 900,000 hectares of wheat and 300,000 hectares of oilseeds still remain under crops, according to Kostanay regional administration. The harvesting campaign began on August 25th and was planned to be completed in September or early October. Unfortunately, because of heavy rainfalls, the grain supplied to local elevators has a high moisture content, up to 30%.

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