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USDA Crop Production

29 June 2012

USDA Acreage Report - June 2012USDA Acreage Report - June 2012

Corn planted acreage is up five per cent from 2011, soybean acreage is up one per cent. All wheat acreage is up three per cent and all cotton acreage is down 14 per cent according to the latest USDA Acreage Report.
USDA Crop Production Report

Corn planted area for all purposes in 2012 is estimated at 96.4 million acres, up 5 per cent from last year and represents the highest planted acreage in the United States since 1937 when an estimated 97.2 million acres were planted.

Growers expect to harvest 88.9 million acres for grain, up 6 per cent from last year. Soybean planted area for 2012 is estimated at 76.1 million acres, up 1 per cent from last year and is the third highest on record.

Area for harvest, at 75.3 million acres, is up 2 per cent from 2011. Record high planted acreage is estimated in New York, North Dakota, and Pennsylvania, and the planted area in South Dakota ties the previous record high.

All wheat planted area is estimated at 56.0 million acres, up 3 per cent from 2011. The 2012 winter wheat planted area, at 41.8 million acres, is up 3 per cent from last year and up slightly from the previous estimate. Of this total, about 30.0 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 8.3 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 3.5 million acres are White Winter.

Area planted to other spring wheat for 2012 is estimated at 12.0 million acres, down 3 per cent from 2011. Of this total, about 11.4 million acres are Hard Red Spring wheat. Durum planted area for 2012 is estimated at 2.20 million acres, up 61 per cent from the previous year.

All cotton planted area for 2012 is estimated at 12.6 million acres, 14 per cent below last year. Upland area is estimated at 12.4 million acres, down 14 per cent from 2011. American Pima area is estimated at 235,000 acres, down 24 per cent from 2011.

Spring Weather Summary

Highlights: Unprecedented spring warmth covered much of the central and eastern United States, promoting rapid crop planting and development but reducing soil moisture reserves due to above-normal evaporation rates and crop demands.

In much of the West, unusual warmth caused premature melting of high-elevation snow packs. Both March and spring (March-May) United States temperatures surpassed records originally set more than a century ago. Early warmth left fruits vulnerable to spring cold snaps, with a series of freezes (from late March to late April) in the lower Great Lakes region and the Northeast damaging a variety of crops. Meanwhile, consistently cool conditions were confined to the Pacific Northwest.

In the Sierra Nevada, significant spring precipitation turned a dismal wet season into merely a poor one. Farther inland, the wet season ended on a dry note, especially in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming. However, all of those States - as well as California and Nevada - have a buffer against developing drought in the form of abundant reservoir storage.

Elsewhere in the West, heavy precipitation from the Pacific Northwest to the northern Rockies contrasted with drier-than-normal conditions (and below-average reservoir storage) in Arizona and New Mexico. Farther east, late-spring rainfall eased dry conditions across the northern Plains and upper Midwest, but developing drought remained a concern in the central Plains, southern and eastern Corn Belt, and Mid-South. During May, Tropical Storm Beryl contributed to a favorably wetter pattern in the East.

According to preliminary information provided by the National Climatic Data Center, the meteorological spring of 2012 featured record-setting warmth and slightly drier-than-normal conditions. The Nation’s average temperature of 57.1 degrees Fahrenheit (5.2 degrees above the 1901-2000 average) demolished the March-May 1910 standard by 2.0 degrees. Record-high spring temperatures were noted in 31 of the 48 contiguous States - and in all but six States from the Plains to the East Coast. Meanwhile, spring precipitation averaged 7.47 inches (97 percent of normal) across the contiguous United States. However, there were large State and regional variations in precipitation.

Top-ten values for spring dryness were observed in Colorado, Indiana, Utah, and Wyoming, but near-record to record-setting wetness was noted in Minnesota, Oregon, and Washington

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